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The difficulty of youth employment is a problem of career choice not unemployment

“Youth employment” is the theme set by the International Labor Organization this year. In our country, young people, who used to be a strong group in the labor market, are now also facing employment problems

Young people: it’s getting harder to find a job

The national private enterprise recruitment week in mid-June is mainly for the laid-off unemployed, but also attracts a large number of young people.

At the entrance of Beijing Workers’ Gymnasium, Zhang Yongqiang was waiting there early with a thick pile of resumes in his pocket. Zhang Yongqiang’s home is in distant Gansu, and after graduating from a college in Beijing last year, he didn’t find a satisfactory job and didn’t want to go back home, so he chose to temporarily store his file in the school for two years and continue to look for a job. “I am now an unemployed youth, and without unemployment insurance benefits, even laid-off workers can not compare.” Zhang Yongqiang laughed bitterly.

Strictly speaking, in the year after graduation, Zhang Yongqiang also did some work, such as insurance salesman, drug salesman, but the longest time does not exceed 2 months. His living expenses were mainly sent by his parents, and he occasionally subsidized a little by doing tutoring himself. The longer he was unemployed, the more anxious Zhang became: “I don’t know what I can do. I don’t know what I can do. When I graduate and lose my job, it seems that I went to college for nothing and spent so much money at home for nothing.”

In fact, Zhang Yongqiang’s situation is not a coincidence. In the past, when it comes to the unemployed, people tend to think of laid-off workers. And now, another group of unemployed is gradually expanding, they are young people in the city, graduated from junior high school, high school, and even after graduating from college to join the ranks of the unemployed.

The supply and demand situation of the national labor market in the first quarter of this year shows that among the unemployed, newly grown unemployed youths account for 18.1%, while laid-off workers only account for 5.8%. In fact, since 2002, the proportion of new-growth unemployed youths among the unemployed has been slowly increasing, while the proportion of laid-off workers has been significantly decreasing. The just-released “China’s First Youth Employment Survey Report” shows that the overall unemployment rate of young people aged 15 to 29 in China is 9%, much higher than the average registered unemployment rate of 4.5% in urban areas.

These statistics and surveys confirm on a larger level that the difficulty of finding jobs for young people is not a personal feeling, but a fact that does exist. In the early 1980s, there was also a phenomenon of youth unemployment in China. At that time, a large number of young people returned to the city and employment was tight. This situation did not last long, the whole country through the succession of classes, the establishment of collective economy and other means to ease the employment contradictions. The youth employment problem in the past two years, on the other hand, has emerged in the context of China has initially established a market-oriented employment mechanism. If analyzed from the total amount, it seems that this contradiction of supply and demand will not be a temporary phenomenon. At present, there are about 10 million new growth laborers in China’s cities and towns every year, and the total number of people in need of employment is 24 million, while the natural economic growth can provide only 12 million jobs, which is not a small gap. With the expansion of colleges and universities, even college students no longer have obvious employment advantages, and the number of college graduates this year will reach a record 3.38 million, and employment is still severe.

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