Eruption cloud to 35, ft. The north of the island had few settlements case study soufriere hills volcano montserrat any size and found it difficult to cope with the influx from the south. The Soufriere Hills volcano is situated above a destructive plate margin, or subduction zone which forms the Peurto Rico Trench.

Permanent relocation of inhabitants away from island is considered by British government. The cloud moves at speeds of mph, obliterating and incinerating everything in its path. The small population case study soufriere hills volcano montserrat the island 11, people was evacuated in to the north of Montserrat as well as to neighbouring islands and the UK.

Effects and Aftermath Montserrats population have had their lives completely changed. Eruption Style The volcano is a strato-volcano.

Montserrat Case Study Flashcards by Sam Garcia | Brainscape

The Island of Montserrat measures approximately 16km long and 11km wide, with approximately 40 kilometres caae coastline. Most of the gas in the lava had already escaped but some remained in pockets, which caused explosive eruptions. It is part of the Leeward Islands in a chain of islands known case study soufriere hills volcano montserrat the Lesser Antilles.

It measures 16km long and 11 km wide. Hazard Management Once the volcano was deemed dangerous to life. Volcanic Eruption- Soufriere Hills, The current eruptive phase began on 18th July when large billowing clouds of ash and steam erupted from Soufriere Hills volcano in the south of the island.


Volcanic Eruption- Soufriere Hills, – Causes and effects table in GCSE Geography

Long-term responses An exclusion zone was set up in the volcanic region. Following this Chances Peak remained active for five years.

soufrlere Their economic,administrative and cultural capital lies in ruins like a modern Pompeii. The volcanic activity continues to the present, the affected areas currently being mostly in the vicinity of Plymouth, including the docking facilities.

Between and Montserrat was devastated by pyroclastic flows.

Montserrat Volcanic Eruptions / Soufriere Hills Volcano

The volcano had been dormant for over years but started to erupt on the 18 th of July Oceanic crust from the North American plate is sinking under the Caribbean plate, forming the Antilles volcanic island arc. When was this eruption? Where the flows reached the sea they created new vlocano of land e.

The capital, Plymouth, has been covered in layers of ash and mud. The following are some of the problems:. Earth deformation meters and tiltmeters were also put in place to show any signs of the ground swelling or deflating as magma rose within case study soufriere hills volcano montserrat volcano. As the slab of crust descends, sediments, water and the heat of the mantle cause the wedge of mantle above the slab to melt.


Montserrats population have had their lives completely changed. Pyroclastic Flows and eruption columns characterise the Soufriere Hills volcano. Salem is now being repopulated and is being developed together with St Johns as new population centres. Initially pyroclastic flows flowed eastwards from the open crater down the Tar Mlntserrat valley, but as the dome grew, eventually flows were able to come down any side of the volcano.

Eruption clouds to 36,ft. Such flows occur when the dome collapses or explodes. Eruptions destroyed Montserrat’s capital city of Plymouth and two thirds of the island’s population was forced to case study soufriere hills volcano montserrat. Why not try our other Montserrat entry, World volcano section or volcanic hazards page.

Case study Soufriere Hills Volcano.